Security Studies coverFour years after the United States’ invasion of Iraq, former Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott wrote that one word summed up the U.S. failure in Iraq:  “unilateralism.”[1]  Scholars have largely agreed with this reading of international cooperation—or lack thereof—in the run-up to the war.  As Stephen Brooks and William Wohlforth note, such unanimity is rare among scholars.[2]

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